Vai„e–ika’s three forms of Energy
In the modern science, the living or non-living world is considered to be the creation/ composition of matter. That is why, the worldly creation is known as material one. This material creation is the result of transformation of energy into matter. Or one can say, change of energy into matter causes the origin of this material world and vice versa, i.e. change of matter into energy leads to the decreation or devolution of the world.
This energy has been described in modern science as mechanical energy which can further be divided into two parts, viz. potential energy and kinetic energy. The potential energy is described as the energy stored in a body due to its position. Whereas, kinetic energy is defined as the energy possessed by a body due to its motion.
On the other hand, the Vedic scientists did not consider the living or non-living world as merely the composition of matter. According to them the non-living world is caused by Prak‚ti. But so far as the origin of living world is considered, it is not the composition of Prak‚ti (matter) only, rather it is composed of both Prak‚ti (matter) and Puru–a (consciousness). Since the Vedic science considers this creation as the result of the composition of Prak‚ti (matter) and Puru–a (consciousness), the Vedic concept of energy is also different from that of the modern science. According to the Vedic scientists represented by Ka‡Èda of Vai„e–ika philosophy, the present creation composed of both Prak‚ti (matter) and Puru–a (consciousness) is sustained by three forms of SaŠskÈrÈs. In fact, the term SaŠskÈra in Vai„e–ika philosophy is corresponding to the modern term of energy. The three SaŠskÈras described in Vai„e–ika philosophy are : (1) SthitisthÈpaka (2) Vega and (3) BhÈvanÈ. SthitisthÈpaka SaŠskÈra is akin to that of potential energy. Whereas Vega SaŠskÈra is similar to that of kinetic energy. The third BhÈvanÈ SaŠskÈra is the psychic energy which is quite new to the modern science. If energy is defined in terms of ability to do work, BhÈvanÈ SaŠskÈra or psychic energy will provide unlimited ability to do work. Through one's mental power attained through the regular practice of Yoga, one can do any work. He can send messages to any part of globe or to other planets if the need be. He can read even other person's mind and is able to materialize any thing at his will.
Here it would also be worth-mentioning that SaŠskÈra has been counted in Vai„e–ika Dar„ana among the Gu‡as or qualities. Hence it is easy to infer that Vedic scientists never took energy as independent entity as is considered in the modern science. Gu‡a or attribute is always dependent upon the Gu‡Ï, the object. Shakti is the dharma of shaktimÈna. For example, the mechanical energies potential or kinetic cannot exist independent of a body due to its position or due to its motion. Similarly pure energy cannot exist independently of Pure Consciousness, i.e God. Thus Vedic philosophers never think of creation without its creator.
|Energy Generation through Vedas|
|A„va (Solar Energy)|
|Vedic Law of Conservation of Energy|
|Law of Equivalene of Mass Energy|
|Electrical Energy in the Vedas|