|Healthy Living Through Vedic Sciences||
Regimen for maintaining good health
¶yurveda prescribes a regimen to be observed by all individuals for maintaining good health.
Fasting: Fasting has been prescribed as the best way to reconcile the vitiated or aggravated do–as. Caraka Sa×hitÈ (Sutra-sthÈna, 16.20) observes thus:
do–ÈÌ kadÈcit kupyanti jitÈ la×ghanapÈcanaiÌ.
The vitiated do–as can be reconciled by fasting and disgestive drugs. So once in a week one can observe fast to keep oneself healthy.
Fasting therapy has also been prescribed for alleviating kapha of the body. See for example Caraka Sa×hitÈ (Kalpa-sthÈna, 12.78)
susnigdhaŠ krurako–—haŠ ca la×ghayeda avirecanam
tenÈsya nehajaÌ „le–mÈ sa×gai„caivopa„Èmyati.
If virecana therapy is not administred, then the patient should be made to fast. As a result of this his kapha gets alleviated.
¶yurveda’s prescription for alleviation of vÈta, pitta and kapha: ¶yurveda prescribed oil for reconciliation of vÈta, ghee (clarified butter) for reconciliation of pitta and honey for reconciliation of kapha.
taila-sarpir-madhuni vÈta-pitta-„le–mÈ-pra„amanÈrthÈni dravyÈ‡i bhavanti.
Caraka Sa×hitÈ (VimÈna-sthÈna, 1.13)
Continuous use of oil alleviates vÈta, as oil is unctuous, hot and heavy. On the other hand, vÈta is of opposite nature i.e. ununctuous, cold and light. When there is interaction between substances having mutually opposite qualities, the stronger dominates over the weaker; therefore, continuous use of oil alleviates vÈta. Similarly due to sweet taste, coldness and dullness, ghee alleviates pitta; pitta being pungent (other than sweet) in taste, hot and sharp. Honey alleviates kapha as it is ununctuous, sharp and pungent in taste; kapha being unctuous, dull and sweet. Similar holds good in case of other susbstances endowed with opposite attributes to those of respective do–as (vÈta, pitta and kapha) when continuously used.
Caraka Sa×hitÈ (VimÈna-sthÈna, 1.14)
Substances not to be used in access: Excessive use of Pippali (piper longum Linn.) alkali and salt is to be avoided if you want to be hale and hearty.
Caraka Sa×hitÈ (VimÈna-sthÈna, 1.15)
Dietry Rules: Folloing dietry rules have been laid down in Caraka Sa×hita (VimÈna-sthÈna, 1.25) for observance by healthy as well as ailing individuals.
Warm food: Only warm food is advised to be taken. Warm food is delicious and digests soon after its intake. It reconciles vÈta and reduce cough.
Unctuous Food: Unctuous food is delicious and enhances the digestion. It is digested quickly. It reconciles vÈta. It makes the body healthy, strengthens sense faculties, promotes strength and adds to the complexion.
Proper quantity: Food should be taken in proper quantity. When taken in proper quantity, it promotes longevity without aggravating vÈta, pitta and kapha. It easily passes down to rectum and does not impair digestion. It is also digested without any difficulty.
Intake after digestion of previous meal: One should take meals only when the previous meal is digested. If the food is taken without having previous meal digested, the immature rasa of previous food is bound to blend with the rasa of food taken afterwards, resulting in the aggravation of all do–as instantaneously. If food is taken after the previous one having digested, do–as are restored in normal state, digestion improves, appetite is sharpened, circulatory system tones up, acidity is lost, vÈta is not aggravated, heart functions smoothly, urine and stool passes normally, food stuff thus consumed without harming dhÈtus contribute to the prolongation of age.
Agreement between energy of food and body: Only those foods should be taken whose energy is in agreement with the energy of body. If the energy of food taken stands in disharmony with the energy of body consuming the food, there is likelyhood of affliction of diseases.
Proper dining place: There should be a proper dining place equipped with all necessary requirements. Otherwise, an individual is likely to be afflicted with emotional strain.
Adequate time for dining: Adequate time should be given to dining. Food should not be taken too hurriedly or too slowly. If taken hurriedly, it gets depressed and doesn’t digest properly. In this situation one is unable to detect its harmful effect if any, and is bereft of its delicious taste and good quality. If taken slowly, it fails to give satisfaction to the individual and an individual takes more than required. The food become cold resulting into indigestion.
Intake with concentration: Food should be taken with full concentration. One should not talk, or laugh or be distracted while taking food, otherwise faces similar consequences when taking food very hurriedly.
Self assessement: One should be able to assess physical constitution and condition of his body; and usefulness or harmness of the food articles to be taken. The knowledge of usefulness or otherwise of food articles is sine qua non for self preservation. Thus one should take food after a proper assessment. There is a saying:
rasÈn dravyÈ‡i do–È¤„ ca vikÈrÈ¤„ ca prabhÈvataÌ
veda yo de„akÈlau ca „arÏraŠ ca sa no bhi–ak
He alone is a good physican who knows nature of rasas (tastes), food articles and herbs; do–as and body afflictions; time and space as well as physical constitution.
|Types of Health|